George Hoadly

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

George Hoadly
36th Governor of Ohio
In office
January 14, 1884 – January 11, 1886
LieutenantJohn G. Warwick
Preceded byCharles Foster
Succeeded byJoseph B. Foraker
Personal details
Born(1826-07-31)July 31, 1826
New Haven, Connecticut
DiedAugust 26, 1902(1902-08-26) (aged 76)
Watkins Glen, New York
Resting placeSpring Grove Cemetery
Political party
Spouse(s)Mary Burnet Perry
Alma mater

George Hoadly (July 31, 1826 – August 26, 1902) was a Democratic politician. He served as the 36th Governor of Ohio.


Hoadly was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on July 31, 1826.[1] As the son of George Hoadley and Mary Ann Woolsey Hoadley, his birth name was "Hoadley", but he later dropped the "e".[2]

George Hoadly graduated from Western Reserve College and attended Harvard Law School, where his fellow students included Rutherford B. Hayes and John Howell. He then studied law with Charles Converse of Zanesville, followed by study with the firm of Flamen Ball and Salmon P. Chase. Upon attaining admission to the bar Hoadly practiced in Cincinnati, initially in partnership with Ball and Chase.

Hoadly was appointed as Judge of the Cincinnati Superior Court in 1851, 1859 and 1864. From 1855 to 1859 he was City Solicitor. Hoadly also taught at the Cincinnati Law School, and served as a trustee of the University of Cincinnati. Originally a Democrat, he joined the Republicans during the American Civil War because he was opposed to slavery and supported the Union. In the mid-1870s he broke with the Republican Party and returned to the Democratic fold.

In 1883 Hoadly was the successful Democratic candidate for Governor, and he served one term, January 1884 to January 1886. During his term in office, the Cincinnati Riots of 1884 broke out over a case in which a jury gave a verdict of manslaughter rather than murder. Believing the case was an obvious murder, and upset with longstanding allegations of corruption in local government, members of the public concluded that the verdict was rigged. A riot ensued as Cincinnati residents attempted to locate and lynch the killer, and 45 to 50 people died during three days of unrest and violence before militia troops reestablished calm.[3] Hoadly was blamed by political opponents and some observers for allowing the riot to grow by being slow to react.

In addition to the Cincinnati Riot, Hoadly used the militia to end the Great Hocking Valley Coal Strike, earning criticism from workers upset that the militia was employed, and condemnation from mine owners, who argued that Hoadly should have used the militia sooner than he did. As a result of these controversies, Hoadly was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1885.

Hoadly moved to New York City in 1887, where he continued to practice law. He died in Watkins Glen on August 26, 1902, and was buried at Spring Grove Cemetery.


Hoadly was a descendant of George (Joris) Woolsey, one of the earliest settlers of New Amsterdam, and Thomas Cornell (settler)[4]

Hoadly married Mary Burnett Perry in 1851, a descendant of Dr. William Burnet, a surgeon on the staff of the Continental Army. Their son George earned degrees at Harvard University, and their son Edward M. graduated from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Their daughter Laura married a second cousin, Theodore Woolsey Scarborough. [5]


  1. ^ "George Hoadly". Ohio History Central. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  2. ^ George Hoadley, The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, accessed August 3, 2010
  3. ^ "Cincinnati Courthouse Riot". Ohio History Central. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
  4. ^ Trowbridge, Francis Bacon The Hoadley Genealogy: A History of the Descendants of William Hoadley of Branford, Connecticut, Together with Some Account of Other Families of the Name. 1894. Retrieved November 10, 2013
  5. ^ Miller, William Van Rensselaer. Select Organizations in the United States. 1894, page 201


External links[edit]

"Hoadley, George" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900. [sic]