Greenvale, Queensland

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Greenvale is located in Queensland
Coordinates19°00′03″S 144°58′48″E / 19.0009°S 144.9800°E / -19.0009; 144.9800 (Greenvale (centre of locality))
Population232 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density0.03798/km2 (0.09838/sq mi)
Area6,107.8 km2 (2,358.2 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)Charters Towers Region
State electorate(s)Traeger
Federal division(s)Kennedy
Localities around Greenvale:
Mount Surprise Minnamoolka Valley Of Lagoons
Conjuboy Greenvale Valley Of Lagoons
Lyndhurst Basalt Basalt

Greenvale is a rural town and locality in the Charters Towers Region, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census, Greenvale had a population of 232 people.[1]


Greenvale is a nickel mining area, approximately 220 kilometres (137 mi) northwest of Townsville. Other metal ores are also extracted there.

Greenvale lies on the banks of the Burdekin River and on the Gregory Developmental Road. A good sealed road crosses the hills over to Townsville. An ore-carrying railway line ran between Greenvale and Queensland Nickel Industries (QNI) processing plant at Yabulu, approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Townsville from 1974 to 1993. There are a number of abandoned railway stations on the line:


Gugu Badhun (also known as Koko-Badun and Kokopatun) is an Australian Aboriginal language of North Queensland. The language region includes areas within the local government area of Charters Towers Region, particularly the localities of Greenvale and the Valley of Lagoons, and in the Upper Burdekin River area and in Abergowrie.[5]

The town was named by the Queensland Place Names Board on 16 December 1972. The town takes its name from a pastoral run operated by John Langton in 1860s.[2]

Greenvale Project No 2 State School opened on 22 May 1972 and closed on 18 October 1974.[6] This is most likely to have been a school serving a construction camp.

Greenvale Project No 1 State School opened 18 February 1974. It closed on 29 March 1974.[7]

Greenvale State School opened on 18 September 1972.[6]

Greenvale Post Office opened on 1 November 1973.[8]

Some of the longest trains in Australia were pulled along the railway line. The railway line tracks were removed in mid-2000; however the bridges, cuttings, blue metal and easement remain. Occasionally people walk from Yabulu to Greenvale along it, as a form of fundraising.

Despite the fact that the mine itself has since concluded operations, more mining operations around the area have since commenced and homes are all fully occupied with workers supporting the regional mining and exploration.

When the nickel mine was in operation, its population was estimated to be 650 people.[9]

The 2006 Census Data states that 255 people were living in the Greenvale within the Dalrymple Shire.[10]


Greenvale State School is a government primary (Early Childhood-6) school for boys and girls at Cassia Court (18°59′57″S 144°58′50″E / 18.9991°S 144.9805°E / -18.9991; 144.9805 (Greenvale State School)).[11][12] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 31 students with 3 teachers and 8 non-teaching staff (4 full-time equivalent).[13]


There are no real sights at Greenvale; the nearest site of interest would be Undara Volcanic National Park approximately 130 kilometres (81 mi) to the north.

The Three Rivers Hotel, made famous by Slim Dusty in a song by the same name, is now located at Greenvale. This is not the actual hotel where the song was penned by Stan Coster. The hotel reference is actually to the "Mess Hall" at the construction camp where Stan Coster penned the song. Stan worked as Grader operator for Thiess Brothers on the construction of the railway line. The origin of the name "Three Rivers Hotel" is not because the "hotel" was ever at the junction of the three rivers - Burdekin, Star and Clarke as stated on numerous web sites. The lyrics mentions the camp at the Star River. This was one of 6 camps that existed on the length of the Greenvale line . During 1974 North Queensland was severely drenched by a very active wet season and work on the railway line ceased for days, even weeks, on end. The workers in the camps had nothing better to do than spend the day in the camp "boozer". Each camp had a boozer which was a basic demountable building with outdoor covered seating. During one of these wet days the water started to enter the confines of the boozer and immediately some of the men started digging some improvised drainage around the boozer to channel away the water. As they built the channels, some wags named them after the 3 main rivers (Burdekin, Star and Clarke). These were joined up roughly as they do in real life and the boozer named "the Three Rivers Hotel". One of the drinkers that day was Stan Coster who penned the song on the spot in the bar and performed it for the drinkers. The three rivers referred in the song do not join up at one point but the Star and the Clarke join the Burdekin at completely separate locations and therefore there could be no hotel on the "junction" of the three rivers the song refers to.

There is a 9-hole golf course, caravan park and general store/mini supermarket. The hotel serves meals and has a number of self-contained units once used by the mine to house staff and contractors.


Greenvale is on the Gregory Highway and has an airport.

Scandium deposits[edit]

The Greenvale mining lease has undergone extensive exploration work by Straits Resources and Metallica Minerals for the purpose of reopening the nickel and cobalt operations. The surrounding areas have extensive nickel and cobalt mineralisation. During this most recent exploration work, the Lucknow ridge south of the mine has been found to contain one of the largest known reserves of scandium oxide in the Lateritic nickel ore deposits. According to the managing director of Metallica Minerals, Andrew Gillies, the deposit's quality and purity are remarkably high.[14][15]

Scandium oxide is a critical component of solid oxide fuel cells which have promise for the efficient direct production of electricity from low carbon gas fuels.


  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Greenvale (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Greenvale – town in Charters Towers Region (entry 14813)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Greenvale – locality in Charters Towers Region (entry 49759)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Railway stations and sidings - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 2 October 2020. Archived from the original on 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  5. ^ CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Gugu Badhun". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  7. ^ "Agency ID 8791, Greenvale Project No 1 State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  8. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  9. ^ Hall, Charlie McKillop and Miriam (4 October 2013). "Reunion inspires memories of the town that refused to die". ABC Rural. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  10. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Greenvale (Dalrymple Shire) (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
  11. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Greenvale State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  13. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  14. ^ Karen Hunt (10 October 2011). "One of the world's largest scandium deposits found in Queensland". ABC Rural. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  15. ^ Edwina Farley (Friday 14 October 2011) "National Rural News week ending 14/10/2011 - One of the world's largest scandium deposits found in Queensland". Country Breakfast, ABC Radio National, (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 23 January 2015